When it comes to fostering the next generation of scientists, National Science Foundation Director (NSF) Sethuraman Panchanathan says it all begins with a ‘STEM spark’ moment.
“My STEM spark moment was when the Apollo landed on the moon,” he said at the MerITocracy summit last Thursday. “Every kid has carved that STEM spark that needs to be ignited. How do you do that? You do that because you have fantastic teachers who are inspiring."
Whether or not a child ends up pursuing a career in science, Panchanathan wants everyone to experience a moment of scientific excitement.
“For me, I fundamentally believe that talent and ideas are democratized. It's everywhere,” he said. “If that is the case, then what we need to do is to unleash the talent. How do we inspire, motivate, nurture and bring to life all of the talent that we have here? One of the things that NSF is intensely focused on — and this is a central pillar of our mission — is ensuring accessibility and inclusivity. It's a missed opportunity if we don't take full advantage of all the domestic talent, and then add and welcome global talent like no tomorrow so that the full force of the domestic talent and the full force of the global talent are being put together — because this is the place of innovation.”
To further democratize scientific funding across America, NSF launched its first new directorate in 31 years and established the Directorate of Technology, Innovation and Partnerships (TIP). The goal is for agencies, industry, venture capital and other partners to work together to invest in innovation.
“The principal objective is: If innovation can be anywhere, and opportunity should be everywhere, then what we need is to ensure that this Technology Innovation Partnership is making possible innovation opportunities everywhere,” Panchanathan said. “And how do we do that? We do that by partnering with venture capital systems and by taking on problems that are more akin to the place. I call it place-place innovation. Where else can you have the best future of agriculture work than the states of Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois?”
The key to unlocking scientific talent, however, starts with that initial STEM spark, Panchanathan emphasized.
“I, as a scientist myself, feel that we don't do a good enough job of being able to communicate and relate to the public,” he said. “This morning, you all woke up and the first thing you probably did was to check the weather on your phone. Now, if you go back and start looking at that step by step, every aspect of it was made possible by unbelievable scientific discoveries, innovations, implementations, technology and outcomes. Likewise, I drove here, I used my GPS, as we all do. This cellular device has 10s of 1000s of projects of NSF. This doesn't happen magically. I think for us to be able to not be elitist, but to actually relate to what science and technology is making happen. Because people experience that every day. I cross the bridge, and I'm glad I didn't fall — it's because of fantastic engineering, right? I think the fact is that we are not talking about it enough. Once you do that, then you build more excitement. That engagement breeds trust, trust then brings more of these questions being asked. This is the process.”